Thorny seahorses (Hippocampus histrix) in Negros, the Philippines. Photo by Gino Symus / Guylian Seahorses of the World

Fact sheets

Saving Mr Mom: the Philippine Seahorse Program

Saving Mr Mom- the Philippine Seahorse ProgramDownloaded a two-page printable fact sheet about our new program to save seahorses in the Philippines.

References in factsheet

[1] IUCN (2020) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-1.

[2] Foster, S.J., Stanton, L.M., Nellas, A.C., Arias, M.M. and Vincent, A.C.J. (2019). The catch and trade of seahorses in the Philippines post-CITES. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 27(2): 45pp.

[3] Foster, S. J. and A.C.J. Vincent. (2004) Life history and ecology of seahorses: implications for conservation and management. Journal of Fish Biology 65:1-61.

[4] Vincent, A.C.J, S.J. Foster and H.J. Koldewey. (2011) Conservation and management of seahorses and other syngnathids. Journal of Fish Biology 78(6):1681-1724.

[5] Waycott, M., Duarte, C. M., Carruthers, T. J., et al (2009) Accelerating loss of seagrasses across the globe threatens coastal ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106(30):12377-12381.

[6] Thomas, N., Bunting, P., Lucas, R., et al (2018) Mapping mangrove extent and change: A globally applicable approach. Remote Sensing 10(9):1466.

[7] Bruno, J. F., Côté, I. M., & Toth, L. T. (2019) Climate change, coral loss, and the curious case of the parrotfish paradigm: Why don’t marine protected areas improve reef resilience? Annual Review of Marine Science 11:307-334.


NOTE: If you would like a copy of these references and are unable to access them, please feel free to send us an email at, and we will assist you.

[Updated 6 July 2023]

[Updated 5 July 2023]