Publications & Contributions

A comprehensive database of Project Seahorse outputs

8 Results for: Policy brief

End Bottom Trawling

Download a two page briefing on bottom trawling (pdf). ” Bottom trawling is to the ocean what forest clearcutting is to land” — Amanda Vincent… Read more

Seahorses (Hippocampus spp.) on CITES – a roadmap to success

Seahorses (Hippocampus spp.) were the first marine fishes brought onto CITES Appendix II at CoP12 (Santiago, Chile, November 2002 along with whale sharks and basking sharks. In contrast to those sharks, though, seahorses are traded in large numbers, with millions of individuals of tens of species moving in international trade each year. … Read more

Seahorse exploitation and trade in Viet Nam

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild Fauna and Flora decided to implement export controls for all seahorses (Hippocampus spp.) in 2002, the first such controls for any marine fishes. Viet Nam had difficulties implementing CITES regulations and was eventually subject to an export trade suspension in 2013. To help address gaps …

Implementation of CITES Appendix II listings for marine fishes

This Information Document makes recommendations to enhance implementation of the Convention for marine fishes included in CITES Appendix II. It is a contribution from a workshop attended by experts in marine fisheries and CITES implementation, participating in their individual capacities. A report of this workshop1 and list of participants can be found at This …

Simple is good: moving toward pragmatic and effective monitoring to support CITES implementation for marine fishes and invertebrates on Appendix II

This document explores the challenges and opportunities of monitoring populations, fisheries and trade of marine fishes and invertebrates listed on CITES Appendix II, in support of ensuring sustainable trade through adaptive management. It addresses listings for a wide variety of species, including European eel, giant clams, humphead wrasse, queen conch, rays, seahorses, sharks and sturgeons. …

Assisting Parties to meet their commitments: CITES Review of significant trade for Seahorses (Hippocampus spp.), a taxon traded in high volumes

This analysis is being presented to the 17th meeting of the CITES Conference of the Parties (CoP17) to support decision making with respect to the proposed revisions to Resolution Conf. 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) (as per CoP17 Doc. 33 Annex 11 ). The purpose of this Information Document (Inf Doc) is to provide insight into the …

Implementing Appendix II listings for marine fishes: important considerations when making non-detriment findings

This document summarizes key advice for making non-detriment findings (NDFs) for marine fishes1 listed on CITES Appendix II2 . It highlights the importance of, where possible: (i) making NDFs before removing specimens from the wild; (ii) making NDFs at an appropriate geographic scale; (iii) considering all types of wild extraction, and all sources of mortality, …