Publications & Contributions

A comprehensive database of Project Seahorse outputs

Local fishers’ knowledge of target and incidental seahorse catch in southern Vietnam

Many vulnerable marine species are caught in small-scale fisheries that lack long-term records, thereby limiting the development of effective evidence-based management measures. To uncover recent trends in fish landings and value in the absence of historical data, we interviewed 77 fishers and five buyers on Phu Quoc Island in Southern Vietnam regarding their current and … Read more Local fishers’ knowledge of target and incidental seahorse catch in southern Vietnam

Conservation prioritization for seahorses (Hippocampus spp.) at broad spatial scales considering socioeconomic costs

Highlights Protecting marine species requires conservation plans at broad scales. Yet broad-scale conservation planning is rare and difficult for marine species. We use Marxan to set priority habitats for seahorses in China and globally. We find existing marine protected area cannot sufficiently conserve seahorses. Seahorses need more protection in Hawaii, South Africa, Australia, and Asia. … Read more Conservation prioritization for seahorses (Hippocampus spp.) at broad spatial scales considering socioeconomic costs

Effects of anthropogenic noise as a source of acoustic stress in wild populations of Hippocampus guttulatus in the Ria Formosa, south Portugal

Abstract This study evaluated the effects of underwater noise as a source of acoustic stress in the wild populations of Hippocampus guttulatus in the Ria Formosa, south Portugal. Two different scenarios of underwater noise were tested: transient motor boat sound (63.4–127.6 dB) and constant sound produced by the motor of the boat directly above the animals (up to … Read more Effects of anthropogenic noise as a source of acoustic stress in wild populations of Hippocampus guttulatus in the Ria Formosa, south Portugal

Global seahorse trade defies export bans under CITES action and national legislation

Abstract Illegal trade undermines efforts to achieve sustainable use of wildlife, including marine fishes. This study investigated the illegal trade of seahorses, among the first taxa of marine fishes to come under global trade restrictions. Seahorses are listed in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora … Read more Global seahorse trade defies export bans under CITES action and national legislation

Marine reserves drive both taxonomic and functional change in coral reef invertebrate communities

A leading argument for no-take marine protected area (marine reserve) establishment is their contribution to the conservation of biodiversity, but the impacts of reserves on ecosystem functioning have seldom been quantified. This is unusual given the value of services provided by ocean ecosystems to human well-being. While no single index can describe ecosystem function, a … Read more Marine reserves drive both taxonomic and functional change in coral reef invertebrate communities

A review of the diets and feeding behaviours of a family of biologically diverse marine fishes (Family Syngnathidae)

Abstract This review compiles, summarizes and provides new analytical insights on large amounts of fragmented information on the diets and feeding behaviours of syngnathids (Family Syngnathidae). This review is broken down into two distinct sections that address two central questions: How, where, when and what do syngnathids eat? How does diet differ with feeding morphology? … Read more A review of the diets and feeding behaviours of a family of biologically diverse marine fishes (Family Syngnathidae)

Tropical invertebrate response to marine reserves varies with protection duration, habitat type, and exploitation history

Macroinvertebrates play a critical role in marine processes, are important in global fisheries, and make up the vast majority of ocean biodiversity, yet are largely overlooked in fisheries stock assessment and conservation. Marine reserves are a heavily advocated method for promoting recovery of marine biodiversity, but the design of reserves and the methods for evaluating … Read more Tropical invertebrate response to marine reserves varies with protection duration, habitat type, and exploitation history

Conservation prioritization and ecology of data-poor marine species under human pressures

Securing a healthy and biodiverse ocean is vital to our human wellbeing. However, marine conservation is challenging, especially for data-poor species, whose habitats and threats are understudied. My dissertation explored how to address such challenges at two large spatial scales (in China and globally), with a focus on the little studied seahorses (Hippocampus spp.). In … Read more Conservation prioritization and ecology of data-poor marine species under human pressures

Habitat use by seahorses and pipefishes (family Syngnathidae) in Biscayne National Park, a marine protected area in southeastern Florida, USA.

Seahorses and their relatives, the pipefishes, (family Syngnathidae) are a group of charismatic marine fishes found in coastal habitats including estuaries, mangroves, seagrasses and coral reefs. Knowledge of habitat use by species of conservation concern is important when evaluating the relative contribution of a marine protected area to recovery efforts. This study presents the results … Read more Habitat use by seahorses and pipefishes (family Syngnathidae) in Biscayne National Park, a marine protected area in southeastern Florida, USA.