Publications & Contributions

A comprehensive database of Project Seahorse outputs

Identifying national conservation status, legislation and priorities for syngnathid fishes globally

Conservation assessments are central to determining the extinction risk of species. They help drive effective management plans and regulations to protect threatened species. The IUCN Red List has led the way in assessing over 120,000 species worldwide. Given that conservation of threatened species is the legal purview of national governments around the world, it is … Read more Identifying national conservation status, legislation and priorities for syngnathid fishes globally

Global extinction risk for seahorses, pipefishes and their near relatives (Syngnathiformes)

Few marine taxa have been comprehensively assessed for their conservation status, despite heavy pressures from fishing, habitat degradation and climate change. Here we report on the first global assessment of extinction risk for 300 species of syngnathiform fishes known as of 2017, using the IUCN Red List criteria. This order of bony teleosts is dominated … Read more Global extinction risk for seahorses, pipefishes and their near relatives (Syngnathiformes)

State of seahorse fisheries in India, nearly two decades after they were banned

Implementing a ban on fishing specific taxa is difficult enough without the added complexity of the taxa being primarily obtained as incidental catch. Most measures for restricting capture and trade to sustainable levels are directed towards targeted species, while overlooking the needs of incidentally caught species. Our study investigates the exploitation and conservation of seahorses … Read more State of seahorse fisheries in India, nearly two decades after they were banned

Holding governments accountable for their commitments: CITES Review of Significant Trade for a very high-volume taxon

Highlights CITES Review of Significant Trade (RST) is not improving implementation as intended. Our seahorse work shows that CITES needs to make five improvements to RST: Move beyond requesting outputs (e.g. reports) to recommend meaningful action. Scrutinize and track export suspensions declared during the process. Formally involve species experts, and fund such experts. Abstract Actions … Read more Holding governments accountable for their commitments: CITES Review of Significant Trade for a very high-volume taxon

Measuring the long-term success of small-scale marine protected areas in a Philippine reef fishery

Tropical coral reefs are subject to multiple pressures from both natural and anthropogenic sources. These pressures have caused widespread declines in reef health, resulting in the increased use of spatial management tools such as marine protected areas (MPAs). MPAs have proven generally effective if well designed and enforced, but there are limited long-term studies investigating … Read more Measuring the long-term success of small-scale marine protected areas in a Philippine reef fishery

End Bottom Trawling

Download a two page briefing on bottom trawling (pdf) Bottom trawling is to the ocean what forest clearcutting is to land — Amanda Vincent… Read more

China’s policies on bottom trawl fisheries over seven decades (1949–2018)

To pursue sustainable fisheries, the world needs to constrain bottom trawling (BT) through effective management. Such change is particularly urgent for China, which operates one of the largest bottom-trawl fisheries (BTF) both in and beyond its waters. We provide the first comprehensive review of China’s approach to BTF over seven decades (1949–2018) based on bibliometric … Read more China’s policies on bottom trawl fisheries over seven decades (1949–2018)

Catch and trade bans for seahorses can be negated by non‐selective fisheries

All seahorse species (genus Hippocampus) are listed under Schedule I of India’s Wild Life Protection Act, making all capture and trade of seahorses illegal. In the more than 15 years since the ban, little work has been done to assess its effects on seahorse conservation. Between 2015 and 2017, fisheries and trade surveys were conducted … Read more Catch and trade bans for seahorses can be negated by non‐selective fisheries

Combining interdisciplinary approaches to evaluate policies on bottom trawl fisheries in China over seven decades

Abstract: Quantitatively evaluating policy effectiveness is vital to evidence-based decision making. Such analysis is, however, rare in natural resource management. We here initiate a novel framework that integrates econometric models, ecological approaches, and novel performance indices. Our focus lies in regulations of bottom trawl fisheries (BTF), a destructive form of exploitation that is executed globally, … Read more Combining interdisciplinary approaches to evaluate policies on bottom trawl fisheries in China over seven decades